Source: Certification Exams Sample Cataluña

HEALTH AND NUTRITION You and your partners are concerned about nutrition and would like to improve the menu in your high school canteen. The headteacher has asked you to come up with some guidelines to improve the dining menu. 

Each of you will read a different article that you have found on the Internet that deals with a specific aspect of the topic. Share the points from your article that you feel should be included in the guidelines and devise a three-point action plan to achieve a healthier menu. 

You have 7-8 minutes to read your text. Afterwards, you will be expected to hold a discussion for 8-10 minutes. 

1A Quality Of Diet, Water Intake Impact Kids’ Brain Development: 

Study Kids’ diet impacts their development in a big way. The kind of nutrition they get from food and drinks shapes the way their body and brain grow and a healthy diet can ensure optimal development. Conversely, a poor diet in childhood may lead to a number of physical and cognitive impairments. This is why mothers are advised to take special care of their kids’ dietary needs and requirements. A new study has shown exactly how a child’s diet and water intake may impact her/his brain development and growth. The study was conducted among 850 elementary school kids in the US and it showed that kids whose diets had a higher percentage of snacks and sugar-sweetened beverages were more likely to score lower on standardized academic tests, as compared to kids who ate less of these foods. However, it said that unhealthy diets were not necessarily linked with lower cognitive test scores in kids. Furthermore, the study results suggested that children who drank more water or had greater habitual hydration were more likely to perform well in tasks requiring cognitive flexibility. The kids were also seen to have a better working memory when they drank more water. The study showed that the kids’ hydration levels were much better when they drank two and a half litres of water as compared to just half a litre per day. The study indicates that under-nutrition or malnourishment can affect the growth of a child and harm her development. A randomised control trial conducted among infants in 26 Indian villages showed that improvement in nutrition, as well as learning intervention, lead to improvements in kids’ expressive language, visual reception as well as social-emotional behaviour. 

1B- Vegetables essential to the human body 

Eating vegetables regularly offers countless health advantages, people who incorporate more vegetables and fruits within their overall diet are much more likely to have a reduced risk of chronic diseases. Vegetables provide essential nutrients vital for the health and maintenance of your body. A growing body of research proves that fruits and vegetables are critical to promoting good health. One of the main benefits of vegetables is their high nutrient content. Vegetables are full of vitamins and minerals that contribute to the growth and maintenance of good health. Most vegetables are high in potassium, which is important for healthy blood pressure. Various vitamins, such as C and A, help keep eyes, skin, teeth, and gums healthy, fight infection and promote wound healing. Vegetables are loaded with antioxidants, which fight cellular damage and help prevent diseases such as cancer, Parkinson’s, heart attack, and Alzheimer’s, says the Linus Pauling Institute. Another substantial benefit of vegetables is dietary fiber. As part of a healthy diet, fiber helps diminish bad cholesterol, which in turn lowers your risk of heart disease. Fiber also keeps your digestive system running smoothly, helps control your blood sugar levels, and may help prevent cancer. Vegetables are also a huge benefit to dieters, because they are generally low in fat and calories, and you can eat plenty of them without gaining weight. The fiber in vegetables also helps you manage your weight, it makes you feel fuller for a longer period, helping you eat less overall and aiding with weight loss or maintaining your current weight. When choosing which vegetables to eat, keep in mind that, in general, brightly colored vegetables are higher in nutrients than less vivid choices.